The Cluster, COTI’s distributed ledger, is based on a directed acyclic graph (DAG) data structure. The COTI simulation is the mathematical model of The Cluster using COTI’s base protocol.

The flow of new transactions has been modeled using the Poisson process. Each new transaction utilises the Source Selection Algorithm to select two sources, or points that have no inbound transactions in the DAG. It then validates those sources and becomes a source itself.

To reach transaction consensus, we need to find the heaviest cumulative Trust Score chain , or the Trustchain™ as we call it. If the cumulative Trust Score of the Trustchain™ has surpassed a predetermined threshold, then the transaction will have reached Trustchain™ consensus and can be confirmed.

Change simulation parameters in the dropdown menus.

The simulation parameters are as follows:

λ is the number of incoming transactions per second.
Δt is the amount of time (in seconds) to run the attachment algorithm and do proof-of-work.
ρ is the size of the trust neighbourhood to which a transaction can attach. This is expressed as a fraction of the total number of sources.
The number of transactions is taken to be 3000.
The number of genesis transactions is taken to be 20.
The cumulative trust required for a transaction to be confirmed is 300.
λ ?
Δt ?
ρ ?
Color by

COTI's Cluster

Note: Click transaction to focus your view on each transaction. Click on confirmed transactions to highlight confirming paths in red

Legend A terminal transaction of the Cluster having no inbound transactions. source A transaction with other transactions attached to it. validated A transaction for which the consensus algorithm has reached a defined level of total trust. confirmed


0 100